HULI - JEBO DECORATED
BOAR TUSK, SHELL, HUMAN BONE
are still reported. In former times, men would awaken the spirit of courage, Bali Akang,
to assist them during headhunting expeditions. After decapitating the enemy, great
homecoming celebrations awaited returning warriors. The brains were carefully
extracted through the nostrils, then fresh ulu (heads) were placed
in plaited rattan nets and smoke cured over fires.
Dried skulls provided the most powerful magic in the world, vital transfusions of
energy. A good head could save a village from plague, produce rain, ward off evil spirits,
or triple rice yields. Dayak people believed a man's spirit continued to inhabit his
head after death. Surrounded by palm leaves, heads were offered food and cigarettes
already lit for smoking so their spirits would forgive, forget, and feel welcome
in their new home. New heads increased the prestige of the owner and
impressed sweethearts; they were an initiation into manhood.
In some tribes, a head's power can increase over time; cherished skulls are
handed down from generation to generation. In other tribes, a head's
magic fades with age, so fresh heads are always needed. In remote
Kalimantan villages, on Borneo Island in Indonesia, travelers can
still find fine examples of Dayak head hunting skulls on display.
THE DAYAK TRIBE, FROM BORNEO ISLAND
INDONESIA, CARVE DESIGNS INTO THE SKULLS
OF THEIR HEADHUNTED VICTIMS AND INSERT WOODEN FIGURES.
THE DAYAK, IFUGAO, AND NAGA HUMAN SKULLS ARE HEAD HUNTING TROPHIES.
"ANCESTOR" SKULLS. THE DIFFERENCE IS; HEAD HUNTED SKULLS
ARE ACQUIRED FROM ENEMY
ANCESTOR SKULLS ARE COLLECTED AND VENERATED TO REMEMBER
DECEASED FAMILY MEMBERS. THE IFUGAO COLLECT BONES OF DEAD
RELATIVES; WRAP THEM IN TRIBAL TEXTILES, AND STORE THEM IN THE
RAFTERS UNDER THEIR HUTS. HUMAN SKULLS AND SKULL CAPS FROM
NEPAL ARE RITUAL OFFERTORY VESSELS THAT ARE USED AS
DRINKING CUPS IN TIBETAN BUDDHIST CEREMONIES.